Excess Defense Articles Program

Department of Defense (DOD) provided the vehicles through the Excess Defense Articles program, where excess equipment is offered at reduced or no cost to eligible foreign recipients on an "as is, where is" basis in support of U.S. national security and foreign policy objectives.

 The Defense Security Cooperation Agency (DSCA) is responsible for administering the Department of Defense's (DoD) Excess Defense Articles (EDA) program. 

Excess defense articles are DoD and U.S. Coast Guard-owned articles no longer needed and declared excess by the U.S. Armed Forces.

This excess equipment may be offered at reduced or no cost to eligible foreign recipients on an “as is, where is” basis in support of U.S. national security and foreign policy objectives.

Purpose of the Excess Defense Articles Program:

Transfers excess defense equipment to foreign governments or international organizations.
Typically used for modernization of partner forces.
Excess defense articles provided to partner nation at a reduced price (based on the condition of the equipment) or as a grant.

Partner nations pay for packing, crating, handling, and transportation (PCH&T), as well as refurbishment if applicable – Excess Defense Articles  are  “as is, where is”.

Who identifies countries eligible for excess equipment:
Secretary of State determines which countries will have Excess Defense Articles programs.
Secretary of Defense executes the Excess Defense Articles program.

Who identifies excess equipment:

The Military Departments identify excess equipment

Combatant Commands identify possible recipients to the Military Departments (MILDEPS)

Defense Security Cooperation Agency  (DSCA) facilitates coordination and approval of requests

Section 516(b)(1)(e) of the Foreign Assistance Act states that EDA transfers shall not adversely impact the U.S. national technology and industrial base, nor reduce the opportunities of U.S. industry to sell new or used equipment to the proposed recipient.  In accordance with Executive Order 12163, as amended, the Director of DSCA makes the determination on the impact to industry.

What is the process for transferring assets through the Excess Defense Articles Program (EDA) ?

The Coast Guard sends out a message soliciting interest in excess defense articles after proposing to decommission or retire assets.

Countries respond with a letter of interest.
The condition of each asset is fully disclosed since Excess Defense Articles transfers take place “as is.”
This means that the foreign government will be required to pay for any repair, transportation, and training costs as well as any required support equipment.

The Coast Guard develops a strategic allocation recommendation explaining which countries should receive the assets and forwards the recommendation to the Defense Security Cooperation Agency.
Once approved, it is sent to the Department of State and the Congress for final approval.
After receiving authority to offer the assets, countries are invited to conduct thorough inspections.
While each asset may have different support requirements, the Coast Guard ensures that proper training is provided with each transfer.

Over the past five years, the Coast Guard's average annual international sales have exceeded $90 million, with an average annual delivery of 40 assets and a total of more than 500 asset deliveries.


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Major Arms Sales and Archives. 2004 thru Oct. 2018.

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